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Research

Governments in India are working towards adopting the evidence-based approach to policymaking. This approach is especially critical for the health sector. The National Health Policy of 2017, strongly advocates the need to strengthen health systems and services research in India.

At IHSC, we believe in research that is independent and relevant. IHSC strives to create a strong research ecosystem that produces high quality output in the form of research studies and policy briefs, in discussion with policy makers, thus informing and shaping future health reforms.

At IHSC, we use the term health systems research to include health systems, health policy and health services research. We go by the following definition of health systems.

A health system is defined as all functions related to health that aim to improve access to affordable, good quality healthcare, resulting in overall better health status of an individual.

Research
Studies

Currently in its first phase, IHSC has commissioned five research studies in areas important to the Indian health system. The IHSC secretariat is responsible for the commissioning process and to ensure technical oversight and monitoring during the course of the studies. The studies are:

01

Economic Costing of Health and Wellness Centres under Ayushman Bharat: A case study of Gujarat

Institute of Economic Growth, New Delhi Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar

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02

Innovations in Primary Healthcare in India

IPH Swasthya Pvt. Ltd.
Indian School of Business, Hyderabad

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03

Innovations in Primary Healthcare in India: Cases of Tamil Nadu and Haryana

Indian School of Business, Mohali
Institute of Public Health, Bangalore

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04

Innovations in Primary Healthcare in India: Cases of Tamil Nadu and Haryana

Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai
O.P. Jindal University, Sonipat

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05

Process Evaluation of Publicly Funded Health Insurance Scheme in India

Indian Institute of Public Health, Bhubaneshwar
Institute of Public Health, Bangalore

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Research

Completed Research

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On-going Research

Economic Costing of Health and Wellness Centres under Ayushmaan Bharat: A case study of Gujarat

Institute of Economic Growth, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar

Innovations in Primary Healthcare in India

Institute of Economic Growth, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar

Financing Novel Diabetes Prevention Management Models

Institute of Economic Growth, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar

Innovations in Primary Healthcare in India: Cases of Tamil Nadu and Haryana

Institute of Economic Growth, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar

Process Evaluation of Publicly Funded Health Insurance Scheme in India

Institute of Economic Growth, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar

Process Evaluation of Publicly Funded Health Insurance Scheme in India

Institute of Economic Growth, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar

Prescription practices in health systems and root cause analysis- public and private and effect on the rational use of medicine

Assess the availability and affordability of NCD/non NCD medicines in non-metropolitan urban & rural India

Assessment of gaps in PM-JAY insurance information systems in the context of global best practices

Assessment of utilization patterns under PM-JAY & their correspondence with Indian global burden of disease

Implementation research to assess the capacity of HWCs to deliver comprehensive primary care services

Benefit Incidence Analysis for PM-JAY in an Indian State

Effectiveness of provider contracting under PM-JAY (access, financial protection)

Resource allocation & expenditure targets for realizing the SDG 3.8 goals at a State level

Assessment of the current burden of service delivery on ASHAs/ANMs and the potential role of Multipurpose Health Worker in task sharing

Determining the impact of varying incentive structures (financial and non-financial) to CHWs and their impact on worker performance & motivation

Analyzing policy framework, strategies, & existent bottlenecks for realizing SDG 3 targets at State level

Determining the role of community engagement in the design of primary care models addressing NCDs

Processes of Commissioning
Collaborative Research

All research undertaken as a part of IHSC follows a clear and transparent process flow.

Staying true to its commitment to policy-relevant research, IHSC invests time and resources in understanding research and policy priorities before any research study is undertaken It consults diverse health systems stakeholders to understand current policy challenges. Following this, research topics are shortlisted in consultation with the core team of the collaborative.

Once the research areas are finalized, the secretariat floats the Requests for Proposal. Research proposals are then reviewed and scored by a core Technical Advisory Committee. The Secretariat sees through the process of technical evaluation of proposals and finally commissioning the studies.

It is mandatory to execute the research studies in collaboration with at least one research partner. IHSC ensures that the research team has adequate representation from mid-career and young researchers. Senior members of the team are chosen as technical leads who provide technical mentorship to younger researchers during the course of the study.

The committee is the technical sounding board for all the research work undertaken. It is entrusted with the responsibility of ensuring the technical robustness of the research outputs produced. The committee conducts midterm and end term review of all research studies. Studies are finalized upon the approval of the TAC.

Once studies are underway, regular engagement with policymakers is maintained to ensure that studies progress in alignment with the policy needs.

Research studies are published in scientific journals. Moreover, study findings are disseminated across the community of health systems professionals and at relevant platforms. Policy briefs are produced based on the reports for quick consumption by policymakers.